The Subcommittee on Quantum Information Science of the U.S. National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) has issued a year-end report that describes accomplishments that have been made through the U.S. National Quantum Initiative (NQI) and recommendations for the future. It is provided as a supplement to the President’s 2024 Budget request

A brief summary of some key findings from the report include the following:

  • Integration of Quantum Mechanics and Information Theory: Quantum Information Science (QIS) unifies these fields, leading to innovative computers, sensors, and networks.
  • Potential for Transformative Impact: Quantum computing could revolutionize various sectors, including medicine creation, artificial intelligence, and cybersecurity.
  • National Quantum Initiative Act: Enacted to accelerate American leadership in QIS, authorizing agencies to establish centers and consortia for fostering QIS R&D.
  • Strategic Investments: The U.S. is making substantial and sustained investments in QIS R&D to explore applications and nurture a culture of discovery.
  • Impact on Society and Agencies: QIS has the potential for profound societal impacts and influences how agencies achieve their missions.
  • Emphasis on a Diverse and Inclusive Quantum Workforce: Agencies focus on ensuring all Americans can participate in and benefit from QIS.
  • Advancements in Quantum Logic Operations: Research in silicon qubits and high-fidelity quantum logic operations highlights significant progress in QIS.
  • NIST’s Role in Advancing QIS: NIST leads in quantum sensing, computing, networking, and foundational science, focusing on precision metrology and cybersecurity.
  • NSF’s Broad Support for QIS: NSF funds extensive QIS research across numerous academic institutions, focusing on quantum computing, communication, sensing, and networking.
  • Quantum Leap Challenge Institutes (QLCIs): These institutes, established under NSF, focus on multidisciplinary QIS research and education.

Additionally, key recommendations in the report for future implementations include:

  • Reauthorization of the NQI Act: To continue the advancement of QIS, it’s recommended to reauthorize the NQI Act for at least the next five years.
  • Enhanced Interagency Coordination: To maximize the impact and efficiency of QIS efforts, enhanced coordination among different federal agencies is recommended.
  • Expanded Industry and Academic Collaboration: Encouraging deeper engagement with the quantum industry and academic institutions to foster innovation and application of QIS.
  • Investment in Fundamental Science and Engineering: Continued financial support for fundamental QIS research to lay the groundwork for future technological breakthroughs.
  • Workforce Development Initiatives: Prioritize programs to develop a skilled quantum workforce, emphasizing diversity and inclusivity.
  • Infrastructure Development: Investment in critical infrastructure to support the growth and practical application of QIS technologies.
  • Focusing on National Security and Economic Growth: Leverage QIS advancements to enhance national security and stimulate economic growth.
  • Promotion of International Cooperation: Encourage and participate in international collaborations to advance global QIS research and development.
  • Integrating Quantum Technologies into Broader Scientific Applications: Leverage QIS advancements in broader scientific fields such as biology, chemistry, and healthcare.
  • Encouraging Public-Private Partnerships: Foster collaborations between government, industry, and academia to translate QIS research into practical applications and stimulate innovation.

A complete report is available on the Quantum.gov website located here.

In the meantime, that National Quantum Initiative Reauthorization Act (see our summary of it here) has taken a step forward as it was passed unanimously by the full committee for consideration by the full House of Representatives. After it makes it through the U.S. House of Representatives it will also need to be approved by the U.S. Senate. It is quite possible that modifications will be made to this bill before it is finalized and then it will be sent to the President for signature. Expectations are that it will ultimately be passed and signed in some form in 2024. Hopefully, this will happen early in the year.

December 13, 2023