Here is a list of public companies with known efforts in Quantum Computing. More information on the activities of these companies will be added as this web site is built out. Please send any updates to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Accenture Labs has formed a research group that is partnering with 1QBit to explore potential use cases for quantum computing by industry. They have recently publicized some work they are doing with 1QBit and Biogen to apply quantum computing to accelerate drug discovery. Accenture Labs and 1QBit have mapped out 150+ promising use cases where applying quantum computing might be used.
Airbus has set up a new research group in Newport, Wales to explore the potential use of quantum computing in aerospace activities. Potential applications could include searching big data, designing air vehicles and systems, designing new materials, and debugging complex software. Airbus has also made an investment in quantum software company QC Ware and will be partnering with them in this effort.
Alibaba Group’s cloud computing subsidiary has partnered with the Chinese Academy of Science to establish the Alibaba Quantum Computing Laboratory in Shanghai, China. The laboratory combines the technical advantages of Alibaba in classical calculation algorithms, structures and cloud computing with those of the Chinese Academy of Science in quantum computing, quantum analog computing and quantum artificial intelligence. It is conducting research in quantum theory with a view towards discovering ground-breaking security techniques for e-commerce and data centers, as well as to enhancing computing performance.
AT&T (INQNET Alliance)
The AT&T Foundry innovation center has joined forces with Caltech to establish an organization and program of work on Intelligent Quantum Networks and Technologies (INQNET). Two of the INQNET program areas are focused on Quantum Networks and Communications and Quantum Algorithms/Quantum Machine Learning and Quantum AI. The full INQNET program extends to quantum computation co-design, quantum communication protocols and inhomogeneous computation landscapes of the future as well as connections with the quantum fundamental research developments in the areas that include quantum materials, devices and systems, quantum control and error correction. INQNET is located within the AT&T Foundry in Palo Alto, California and also at Caltech in Pasadena, California.
Atos Quantum is a group within the European company Atos that specializes in quantum technology. They have recently released a product called the Atos Quantum Learning Machine which is a classical computer that can simulate a quantum system using anywhere between 30 and 40 qubits, depending upon the specific configuration. Associated with this product, Atos Quantum provides a universal quantum assembly programming language called AQASM along with other software to allow researchers, engineers, and students to develop and experiment with quantum software.
Baidu has launched its own institute for quantum computing dedicated to the application of quantum computing software and information technology. The Baidu Quantum Computing Institute will be headed by Professor Duan Runyao, who had been the director of the Centre for Quantum Software and Information at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS). The company is seeking to apply the potential benefits of quantum technology across its businesses, from online search to artificial intelligence, following similar moves from its rivals Alibaba and Tencent.
Booz Allen Hamilton
Booz Allen has formed a team within their Data Science and Analytics group to utilize quantum computing to provide solutions to their business and government clients. Problem areas of interest including System & Network Optimization, Vehicle Routing, Logistics, Job Scheduling, Drug Discovery, Manufacturing, System Design, and Verification & Validation. They indicate on their web site that they are one of the first companies in the world to use quantum computing to solve real-world problems.
Google Quantum AI Lab
Google has a significant research effort in Quantum Computing. They have been working together with NASA and the Universities Space Research Association (USRA) to operate first a DWave 2 and now a DWave 2X processor at the NASA Ames Research Center in Mountain View, California. Google has recently published a benchmarking paper on the DWave 2X showing initial test results. In 2014, Google started up a second effort by hiring John Martinis and his group at UC Santa Barbara to work on a quantum computer that utilizes some of the surface code error correction technology that they have developed. This technology has already exhibited major improvements in coherence time that could significantly improve a quantum computer’s performance. Google has been vague about the ultimate goal but it is clear there could be significant applications in machine learning, pattern recognition, and other areas relevant to Google’s main endeavors.
HP has a Quantum Information Processing Group (QIP) part of the Information and Quantum Systems Laboratory and based at the HP Laboratories facility in Bristol, UK. Areas of interest including quantum computation, quantum cryptography, and quantum teleportation and communication.
IBM research has a quantum computing group at their Yorktown Heights, New York, research center. IBM’s approach appears to be based upon utilization of superconducting circuits coupled with error correction. In April 2015, they announced an advance with a circuit that can detect both bit-flip and phase-flip errors together. Most recently in December 2015, IBM was awarded an iARPA grant to use this technology under the Logical Qubits (LogiQ) program to overcome the limitation of current quantum systems by building a logical qubit from a number of imperfect physical qubits.
Although Intel previously did not have any research efforts devoted to quantum computing they did just commit to provide QuTech, the quantum research institute of Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) and the Dutch Organisation of Applied Research (TNO), with $50 million in funding and provide engineering support over a ten years collaboration to support their efforts. A press kit describing Intel’s activities in quantum computing can accessed here. Many people have been forecasting that Moore’s Law will end at some point and it seems that Intel wanted to hedge their bets on this new technology.
Lockheed Martin operates with the University of Southern California, the USC-Lockheed Martin Quantum Computation Center (QCC), which current has a DWave 2 processor that will be upgraded to the DWave 2X in January 2016. Lockheed was DWave’s first customer with the purchase of the DWave One in 2011. One of the unique areas that Lockheed has researched is the usage of quantum computers for verification and validation of complex software such as flight control systems. In 2014, they published a paper on this that you can find here. Lockheed is also a participant in the iARPA QEO (Quantum Enhanced Optimization) for quantum annealing as well as an industry partner in the NSF Enabling Practical Scale Quantum Computing programs.
Microsoft Quantum Architectures and Computation Group (QuArC)
Microsoft’s QuArC group is focused on designing software architectures and algorithms for use on a scalable, fault-tolerant quantum computer. They collaborate with a number of universities worldwide and have published many technical papers in the past several years. One of the most significant results of their efforts is the release of the Language-Integrated Quantum Operations: LIQUi|> software architecture and tool suite.
Mitsubishi is performing active research on quantum cryptography, Using quantum technology, they have developed the world’s first one time pad software for mobile phones to ensure that telephone conversations remain confidential. As part of their research they have been looking into factors which distort the optical signals carried by installed optical fibers and ways to correct for them. Mitsubishi is continuing to run tests and make improvements so that the systems can help create a communications environment that can be used anytime and anywhere.
Nokia Bell Labs
Several of the early breakthroughs in quantum computing occurred at Bell Labs including the development of Shor’s factoring algorithm and Grover’s search algorithm. Research is ongoing in conjunction with universities in such areas as quantum error correction codes, fault tolerant thresholds, quantum overheads, topological quantum computing, quantum state preserving frequency converter and other projects.
Northrup Grumman has several quantum research activities underway as part of their basic research teams. Northrup is the lead for the design, fabrication, system integration, and experimental testing portion in the iARPA QEO (Quantum Enhanced Optimization) program for quantum annealing. They are also an industry partner in the NSF Enabling Practical Scale Quantum Computing programs.
NTT Basic Research Laboratories
NTT has a small group investigating quantum physics and quantum information processing. The group explores how quantum phenomena can be applied to generate new forms of quantum technology. More specifically, they investigate a) foundational aspects of quantum theory including nonlocal phenomena; b) quantum key distribution and its security; c) techniques for quantum communication, repeaters and computation; e) hybrid quantum systems (composite systems taking the best parts of each).
Quantum Computing Inc.
Quantum Computing Inc. is developing processes to commercialize quantum computing and application services. They have assembled a world class team of experts in super computing and security who are designing a quantum annealing computer capable of simulating the capabilities of a Quantum Computer. Their initial focus will be the creation of quantum finance applications. They are based in Leesburg, Virginia and are a public company as a result of a public offering of Innovative Beverage Group Holdings, which was the previous name of their company. The name change to Quantum Computing Inc. reflects a decision to shift their business focus to quantum computing.
Raytheon BBN Technologies is a research and development center part of the Raytheon Company located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. They have established a quantum information processing group that focuses on exploiting quantum phenomena for sensing, computing and imaging.
Toshiba – Cambridge Research Laboratory
Toshiba has established a Quantum Information Group at their Cambridge, UK laboratory. This group has been focusing on quantum cryptography and has developed a quantum key distribution system.