The first proposed bill is called the H.R. 1837, QUEST Act of 2021 (Quantum User Expansion for Science and Technology). It would amend the National Quantum Initiative and direct the U.S. Department of Energy in association with other U.S. government departments to establish a program that encourages and facilitates access to United States quantum computing hardware and quantum computing clouds for the purposes of research, education, and advancement of United States quantum technology capabilities. Organizations including the National Laboratories, multi-institutional collaborations, institutions of higher education, industry stakeholders and any other entities deemed appropriate could apply through a competitive, merit-based process to access available quantum resources with funds from this bill. The proposed budget for this bill would total $340 million and run from U.S. fiscal 2022 through U.S fiscal 2026. The bill has been referred to the House Science, Space, and Technology committee for review. You can view the full text of the proposed bill here and check the status of it on the U.S. Congress website here.

The second proposed bill, H.R. 1866, is called the Quantum Network Infrastructure Act of 2021. It would also amend the National Quantum Initiative and direct the U.S. Department of Energy in association with other U.S. government departments to establish a research, development, and demonstration program to accelerate innovation in the U.S. quantum network infrastructure. The goals of the program would be to advance the development of distributed quantum computing networks, improve the precision of sensors using quantum technology, and develop secure national quantum communications technologies and strategies. The proposed budget for this bill would be $100 million per year from fiscal 2022 through fiscal 2026 for a total of $500 million. For additional details, you can view the full text of the proposed bill here and check the status of it on the U.S. Congress website here.

March 18, 2021